Environmental Challenges and Greenhouse Gas Control for Fossil Fuel Utilization in the 21st Century

Edited by M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer, Chunshan Song, Yee Soong 
Kluwer Academic/Plenum  August 2002  

Hardback  260pp  ISBN 9780306473364      £180.00
This book is based on two symposia that were held at the American Chemical Society National Meeting in San Diego, California, in April 2001, where strategies for the utilization of fossil fuels in the 21st century were presented. The symposia titled "Greenhouse Gas Control and Utilization" and "Environmental Challenges for Fossil Fuel Utilization" were sponsored by the Division of Fuel Chemistry, and the latter was also co-sponsored by the Division of Environmental Chemistry. International representatives from numerous countries around the world, including the USA, Canada, China, Australia, Japan, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, Spain, India, France and South Korea, presented oral papers and posters that covered recent developments for the continuous utilization of fossil fuels, especially those related to environmental challenges and greenhouse gas control. This book contains thirty peer-reviewed chapters that will provide the readers with updated research progress in the field of environmental chemical research related to fossil fuel utilization. Furthermore, its international flavor will ensure that a worldwide broad cross section of scientific and engineering research is covered throughout the book. The book is logically divided into the following six sections: (1) Pollutant Emissions; (2) Carbon Sequestration; (3) Greenhouse Gas Emission Control; (4) Utilization of CO2 for Synthesis Gas Production; (5) Utilization of CO2 for Chemical Synthesis; and (6) Combustion Byproducts.


Part 1: Pollutant Emissions.
Analysis of Multiple Emission Strategies in Energy Markets; J.A. Beamon, R.T. Eynon.
Mercury in Illinois Coats: Abundance, Forms, and Environmental Effects; I. Demir.
Characterization of Particulate Matter with Computer-Controlled Scanning Electron Microscopy; S.A. Benson, et al.
Dioxin and Furan Formation in FBC Boilers; L. Jia, et al.
Reducing Emissions of Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons from Coal Tar Pitches; J.M. Andrésen, et al.

Part 2: Carbon Sequestration.
Carbon Sequestration: An Option for Mitigating Global Climate Change; R.L. Kane, D.E. Klein.
Using a Life Cycle Approach in Analyzing the Net Energy and Global Warming Potential of Power Production via Fossil Fuels with CO2 Sequestration Compared to Biomass; P.L. Spath.
Carbon Storage and Sequestration as Mineral Carbonates; D.J. Fauth, et al.
Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide by Ocean Fertilization; M. Markels, et al.
Polyelectrolyte Cages for a Novel Biomimetic CO2 Sequestration System; F.A. Simsek-Ege, et al. Novel Solid Sorbents for Carbon Dioxide Capture; Y. Soong et al. Part 3: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Control. Near Zero Emission Power Plants as Future CO2Control Technologies; P. Mathieu. Reducing Greenhouse Emissions from Lignite Power Generation by Improving Current Drying Technologies; G. Favas, et al. Reduction Process Of CO2 Emissions by Treating With Waste Concrete via an Artificial Weathering Process; A. Yamasaki, et al.
Understanding Brown Coal-Water Interaction to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions; L.M. Clemow, et al.
High Temperature Combustion of Methane over Thermally Stable CoO-MgO Catalyst for Controlling Methane
Emissions from Oil/Gas-Fired Furnaces; V.R. Choudhary, et al.
Dual-Bed Catalytic System for Removal of NOx-N2O in Lean-Burn Engine Exhausts; A.R. Vaccaro, et al.

Part 4: Utilization of CO2 for Synthesis Gas Production.
Tri-reforming of Natural Gas Using CO2in Flue Gas of Power Plants without CO2
Pre-separation for Production of Synthesis Gas with Desired HO2/CO Ratios; C. Song, et al.
Effect of Pressure on Catalyst Activity and Carbon Deposition During CO2 Reforming of Methane over Noble-Metal Catalysts; A. Shamsi, C.D. Johnson.
CO2 Reforming of CH4 to Syngas over Ni Supported on Nano-ggr;-Al2O3; Jun Mei Wei, et al.
Oxy-CO2 Reforming and Oxy-CO2 Steam Reforming of Methane to Syngas over CoxNi1-xO/MgO/SA-5205 V.R. Choudhary, et al.
Carbon Routes In Carbon Dioxide Reforming of Methane; L. Pinaeva, et al.

Part 5: Utilization of CO2 for chemical synthesis. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) applied to the synthesis of methanol.
Comparison of the use of syngas with the use of CO2 and dihydrogen produced from renewables; M. Aresta, et al.
Reduction of CO2 in Steam Using a Photocatalytic Process to Form Formic Acid; D.D. Link, C.E. Taylor.
Carbon Dioxide as a Soft Oxidant: Dehydrogenation of Ethylbenzene Into Styrene; S.-E. Park, et al.
CO2 as a C1-Building Block for Dialkyl Carbonate Synthesis; D. Ballivet-Tkatchenko.

Part 6: Combustion Byproducts.
An Investigation of the Characteristics of Unburned Carbon in Oil Fly Ash; Y.-M. Hsieh, M.-S. Tsai.
Separation of Fly Ash Carbons by Various Cleaning Processes; McM.L. Gray, et al.
Design Approaches for Passive Treatment of Coal Combustion Byproduct Leachate; K.L. Hoover, T.A. Rightnour.
Development of Value-Added Products from Fly Ash Carbons; M.M. Maroto-Valer, et al.

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